The Dred Scott decision effectively ended the Missouri Compromise, hardening the political rivalry between North and South and paving the way for the Civil War.
It determined slaves were not citizens of either their state of residence or the US, and therefore couldn't bring suit against their "owners" in court. According to Chief Justice Roger Taney, slaves were property, not humans.
The Supreme Court's ruling resulted in major violence, stirring the deep‐seated emotions in the already heated battle of race relations in the United States.
The Dred Scott case played a major role in precipitating the Civil War. The Supreme Court's ruling resulted in major violence, stirring the deep‐seated emotions in the already heated battle of race relations in the United States.
In a 7-2 ruling, the US Supreme Court held the following:
African-Americans could never be citizens of the United States or the individual states.African-Americans were chattel (property) according to the Constitution, and their owners were protected from losing their property under the Fifth Amendment Takings Clause and Due Process Clause, which invalidated the "once free, always free" tradition.Because African-Americans were considered property, and were not legal citizens, they had no right to sue for their freedom.The Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because Congress had overstepped its authority in attempting to regulate states' rights.Citizens' groups were prohibited from establishing anti-slavery territories.